Soft Delete & Force Delete Example in Laravel

In this tutorial, we’re going to learn how soft delete works in Laravel. When models are soft deleted, they are not actually removed from your database. Instead, a timestamp is set on the deleted_at column.

Table of Contents

  1. Create Migration & Model
  2. Insert New Data
  3. Soft Delete
  4. Restore Deleted Data
  5. Force Delete (Permanently)

Create Migration & Model

We’ll test soft delete for products table. Let’s create a migration and model for products table:

php artisan make:model Product -m

Go to database/migrations folder and open timestamp_create_products_table.php file. We need to define $table->softDeletes(); line like this:


use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

class CreateProductsTable extends Migration
     * Run the migrations.
     * @return void
    public function up()
        Schema::create('products', function (Blueprint $table) {

     * Reverse the migrations.
     * @return void
    public function down()

From the app folder, open Product.php file. In the Product model, we have to include use SoftDeletes; line.


namespace App;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\SoftDeletes;

class Product extends Model
    use SoftDeletes;

    public $fillable = ['title', 'price'];

Insert New Data

For testing purposes, I’ll test insert, delete tasks using Laravel Tinker. Let’s open Laravel Tinker by this command:

php artisan tinker

I’m inserting a new product:

$product = new Product;
$product->title = 'Test Product';
$product->price = 4.32;

We’ve inserted a new product. We can see all inserted products:

$products = Product::get();

Soft Delete

Normal delete will be the soft delete. Let’s delete the product softly:

// or,

If we soft delete any product, the delete_at column will be updated. To see the deleted data, we can write code like:

$products = Product::onlyTrashed()->get();

If we need to get both deleted and fresh data, there is a way to get both:

$products = Product::withTrashed()->get();

Restore Deleted Data

We can easily restore any deleted data like this:


Force Delete (Permanently)

If we want to delete permanently, we have this option:


To delete from soft-deleted (trashed) data, we need to write code like:


We can also set conditions at the time of deleting data from the trash. Let’s deleted 30 days of older data from soft deleted data.

Product::onlyTrashed()->where('deleted_at', '<', Carbon::subDays(30))->forceDelete();

The tutorial is over. Thank you.

Software Engineer | Ethical Hacker & Cybersecurity...

Md Obydullah is a software engineer and full stack developer specialist at Laravel, Django, Vue.js, Node.js, Android, Linux Server, and Ethichal Hacking.