Allocate Memory as Swap File in Amazon EC2
In this article, I’m going to talk about how to allocate memory to work as a swap file in an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance.
Table of Contents
In Amazon EC2, sometimes we face this type error ‘mmap() failed:  Cannot allocate memory‘. We may face this issue at the time of using composer, npm too. If your server has low RAM, then you may face this issue.
To solve this issue, you can upgrade your RAM. It’ll solve the issue. Otherwise, you can create a swap file. The Swap file allows your computer’s operating system to pretend that you have more RAM than you actually do. If you’ve higher RAM, then I recommend to create a swap file too.
Swap Space Size
Swap space should never be less than 32 MB. Let’s calculate swap space according to the following:
|Server RAM||Recommended Swap Size|
|2 GB of RAM or less||2x the amount of RAM but never less than 32 MB|
|More than 2 GB of RAM but less than 32 GB||4 GB + (RAM – 2 GB)|
|32 GB of RAM or more||1x the amount of RAM|
You can also set this size:
Swap File Size = [(2 x RAM) + 1 MB]
Add Swap Space
Login to your EC2 server. Let’s think our server RAM is 1GB. So, recommenbed swap file size is 2GB. Run this command to create 2GB swap file:
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile bs=128M count=16
We can write bs=1M count=2048 too. Now run these commands:
# set permissions sudo chmod 600 /swapfile # Set up a Linux swap area sudo mkswap /swapfile # Make the swap file available sudo swapon /swapfile
Now verify that the procedure was successful:
sudo swapon -s
Lastly we need to enable swap at boot time. Edit /etc/fstab file:
sudo nano /etc/fstab
At the end of the file, add this line and save:
/swapfile swap swap defaults 0 0
Now you can see your swap size by typing:
free -m # or htop
That’s it. Thanks for reading.
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